Sikkim state is situated in Northeastern of India, Sikkim is adjoined by Nepal to the west, Bhutan to the southeast Tibet to the north and northeast and by the Indian state of West Bengal on the south. Sikkim is one of the most famous tourist destination in North East India. Sikkim is known for its beautiful and quaint hill stations and views of Himalayan ranges. One can see the clear views of mighty Kanchenjunga ranges from Sikkim.
This small state of India is in the laps of Himalaya, almost the entire Sikkim is Hilly. Altitudes fluctuating from 300 to 8583 meters above the sea level consisting of lower hill, middle and higher hills, alpine zones and snowbound land, the highest elevation 8583 meters. being the top of the Mt. Kangchendzonga itself.
Gangtok : Gangtok is the capital of Sikkim and it’s a very beautiful city, A pastiche of traditional culture and modern lifestyle, Gangtok is surrounded by the Khangchendzonga and Himalayan Mountain range, Gangtok have many sightseeing points such as MG road, Ganesh Tok, Rumtek Monastery, Bakthang Waterfalls, and apart of these points if you go for the full day excursion to Nathula Pass, Tsomgo Lake, Baba Mandir.
Pelling : Pelling is also the main tourist point, pelling is also called Cultural capital of Sikkim, in Pelling you can visit Khecheopalri Lake, Rimbi Waterfalls, Singshore Bridge and Sangacholing Monastery, few kms from Pelling you can visit Namchi which have replica of the main “Char Dhams” of India (Badrinath, Dwarka, Puri and Rameshwaram).
Lachung : Lachung is in the north part of Sikkim and people who want to visit the stunning Yumthang Valley take stay at lachung, there are other points also Lachung Monastery, Naga Falls, Bhim Nala Falls Lachung is a must visit place in Sikkim.
Lachen : Lachen have some of the main attraction points of Sikkim such as Thangu Valley, Chopta Valley, Lachen Monastery, and the most beautiful Gurudonmarg Lake and Zero Point.
Tsomgo (Changu) Lake : 38 km from Gangtok and at an altitude of 12,400 ft, the ethereally beautiful Tsomgo lake is a must on every visitors itinerary. A winding road through rugged mountain terrain and sharp cliffs takes you to Tsomgo, which means source of the water in Bhutia language. The lake derives its water from the melting snows of the mountains surrounding the lake. Of legendary beauty, the lake looks different at different seasons. In winter the placid lake remains frozen with the area around it covered in snow while in late spring the profusion of flowers in bloom adds a riot of colours around the lake
The best season to visit this beautiful hilly state is starting of March to end of June during these months travellers can enjoy the beauty of this beautiful state with clear blue skies and sunny days. Travellers can enjoy the sightseeing of this scenic hill-station and can also catch a glimpse of the breathtaking view of the sunrise on the Kanchenjunga.
July to Mid of September: is the monsoon time in Sikkim so it’s better not to go this place during the monsoon, due to the heavy rainfalls and risk of the landslides.
September to November: During these months the weather remains favourable and this is the good time to visit Sikkim.
December – February: is the winter time in Sikkim, this is also a good time to visit this state to experience the beauty of this hilly region to enjoy the snowfall and amazing views of snow clad mountain peaks.
Bagdogra Airport in Siliguri is the nearest Airport to reach Gangtok by flight, Bagdogra airport is well connected from Kolkata, Delhi, Guwahati, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore. Bagdogra to Gangtok is around 120 kms only and tourists can easily get cabs outside the airport and reach Gangtok in 4-5hrs.
New Jalpaiguri is the nearest Railway Station for Gangtok and few trains goes to Siliguri Station, these stations are very well connected to the all main railway’s routes of India. Outside station, tourist can easily hire private or shared cabs to Gangtok, Pelling and other places of Sikkim and can easily reach there in 4-5 hours.
There are ample of Buses from Kolkata as well as Siliguri, so if you are coming to Kolkata, you can take an overnight bus to Gangtok, Pelling or other places of Sikkim and if you are reaching to Siliguri or NJP you can take the normal or Volvo buses to reach Gangtok and other cities. Private or Shared Cabs from Siliguri or NJP station.
Rice is the favourite meal in Sikkim because Sikkim peoples are big rice lovers. Meat is also loved by the local population, Sikkim has its own unique specific cuisine and food recipes. Here food habits have resulted from experiments from generations after generations. Nowadays, Sikkim dishes have become very popular. People from various other parts of India prepare and sell these dishes for their livelihoods a big example is Momos which is very famous in Delhi and other metro cities.
Major famous foods of Sikkim are:
Momo : Meat dumplings which are steamed and followed by a bowl of clear soup and achaar. One can also order for Veg momos (vegetable momos) in which the meat is ideally replaced by cabbage and other vegetables.
Thupkas : Tibetan noodles mixed with egg, meat, vegetables with a predominant soup base.
Phagshapa : Phagshapa is very famous there, it’s less spice is the comparison with other curries and they have it with rice.
Sael Roti : Sel roti is a ring-shaped rice bread which is a traditional homemade sweet.
Sikkim is a small but amazingly beautiful state of Northeastern India, almost all of the Sikkim is covered by the hills, Sikkim has five seasons summer, winter, monsoon, autumn and spring, where temperature rarely goes 28 °C maximum in summers and drops below 0°C in winters.
The annual average temperature of Sikkim is 18°C, in Summers temperature, is around Minimum: 13°C & Maximum: 28°C, and in winters it around Minimum: 0°C & Maximum: 13°C.Monsoon time in Sikkim is from July till Mid of September. During Monsoons, the landslide is common in many parts of Sikkim. Autumn stays from September to October providing a nice time for tourists to visit the state.
Sikkim is one of the few states that get regular snowfalls throughout the year. The snowline of Sikkim is approx. 6,000 meters. The high altitude in the northern region permits the temperature to drop below -40°C in winters. The winter time in Sikkim is started from the end of December to February when the state gets too cold and damp due to erratic rain showers.